Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx Post-Install Checklist
In general Ubuntu 10.04 is a great OS, but I also find that it has several annoyances, which would be defined as key user interface changes that messes with my daily computer usage. This includes the placement of the close/min/max buttons, disabling Ctrl + Alt + Backspace, disabling the option to show the full text path in Nautilus, a purple background (???), etc. If you are in favor to how these things were, I have the fixes all in one place.
These are the steps I do after installing Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx. I am collecting them here because I have several computers to upgrade, and I want to make sure I make the necessary customizations on all of them – a standard image if you will, so I can move from one to another and have a consistent environment.
Fix the Theme
- Right Click Desktop -> Change Desktop Background
- Change the background to something other than purple.
- Under the Theme tab, select New Wave to put the close button back to the right.
- Click Close.
Fix the Terminal
- Open Applications -> Accessories -> Terminal
- Edit -> Profile Preferences
- Uncheck “Terminal bell”
- Unckeck “Show menubar by default in new terminals”
- Set the Default size to 125 x 25.
- On the Colors tab, uncheck the box that says “use colors from system theme” and set to “White on black”
- Hit Close
- Re-open the terminal to see the new size.
Change Some Nautilus Settings
- Hit Alt + F2 and type in “gconf-editor”
- Navigate to /apps/nautilus/preferences/”
- Check the box that says “always_use_location_entry” to show the full address path instead of the folder box thingys
- Navigate sideways to the desktop directory to add additional icons to the desktop as desired
Change the Logon Background
- Open up a terminal, and run:
sudo -u gdm dbus-launch gnome-appearance-properties
- Change the background accordingly.
Remove the Universal Access Preferences Taskbar Icon
- Go to System -> Preferences -> Keyboard
- Under the Accessibility Tab, uncheck the box that says “Accessibility features can be toggled…”
- Click Close
Set Ctrl + Alt + Backspace to Restart the X Server
- Go to System -> Preferences -> Keyboard
- Click on the Layouts tab
- Click on the Options button
- Expand the section that says “Key sequence to kill the X server”
- Check the box next to “Control + Alt + Backspace”
Restore Various Computer Settings / Files
Assuming you backed up your home directory, these are the specific files that I usually restore.
- Nautilus bookmarks: ~/.gtk-bookmarks
- Mozilla Firefox Profile: ~/.mozilla
- Mozilla Thunderbird Profile: ~/.thunderbird or ~/.thunderbird-3.0 (if you were like me and upgraded Mozilla Thunderbird to 3.x during the last Ubuntu release)
- SSH Keys & Authorized Hosts: ~/.ssh
- Pidgin Profile: ~/.purple
- Gnome Keyring: ~/.gnupg & ~/.gnome2/keyrings
- gEdit Settings / Snippets: ~/gnome2/gedit
- QuickSynergy: ~/.quicksynergy
These are just the settings and program profiles. Of course don’t forget Documents, Desktop (even though you don’t store a bunch of crap on your desktop, right…right?), Videos, Pictures, and all the other random folders created over the years.
Configure Local Apt Mirror
- Fire up a terminal
- I have the sources.list on my server with the local mirror already in place, so to import it into a new machine, I run this command:
sudo mv /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.original
sudo scp server-01:/home/share/apt/lucid.list /etc/apt/sources.list
- Run “sudo apt-get update” to make sure all the sources are reachable.
- Run “sudo apt-get dist-upgrade” while we are at it.
Install Some Software
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
sudo apt-get install abiword alltray amarok armagetronad audacity \
banshee blender bluefish cdrdao chromium-browser clusterssh \
compizconfig-settings-manager devede duplicity dvdauthor easytag-aac \
epiphany-browser ffmpeg filelight frozen-bubble gdesklets gftp gimp gnibbles \
gnome-breakout gnome-do gnome-do-docklets gnome-do-plugins gnomebaker \
gnumeric gpaint gpass gphpedit graphviz gwakeonlan htop hydrogen inkscape \
k3b kino listen mdbtools-gmdb mencoder mousepad mplayer mysql-admin \
mysql-client mysql-navigator mysql-query-browser neverball neverputt \
oggconvert openclipart-openoffice.org openclipart-png openoffice.org \
openoffice.org-base openssh-server oxygen-icon-theme p7zip-full pidgin \
pidgin-libnotify pidgin-otr pidgin-plugin-pack pingus prism prism-facebook \
prism-google-calendar prism-google-docs prism-google-mail \
prism-google-reader prism-twitter rapidsvn rar sound-juicer sqlitebrowser \
ssh supertux-stable supertuxkart terminator thunderbird ttf-dejavu \
ttf-dejavu-extra ttf-lyx ttf-sil-gentium ttf-sil-gentium-basic \
ttf-symbol-replacement ttf-ubuntu-title vlc wine wireshark xchat subversion \
smbfs gedit-plugins quicksynergy padevchooser nautilus-image-converter
Install Binary nVidia Driver
- Install the driver via the Drivers manager & reboot.
- Run “sudo nvidia-settings”
- Click on the X Server Display Configuration and enable the second screen.
- Click on Apply, and then Save to X Configuration File.
Connect Samba Shares in /etc/fstab
I have a couple Samba shares that I want visible on my computer. Create the empty directories in /mnt where they are to be mounted, and then use the commands like the one below to setup the mount.
- Copy this in the fstab:
//server/path /mnt/path smbfs credentials=/root/.smbpasswd,uid=1000,gid=1000 0
- .smbpasswd looks like this:
Adding Thunderbird to the Indicator Applet
I prefer Thunderbird over Evolution, so I am going to remove the Evolution icon and add Thunderbird.
sudo rm /usr/share/indicators/messages/applications/evolution
sudo bash -c "echo /usr/share/applications/thunderbird.desktop > /usr/share/indicators/messages/applications/thunderbird"
Removing Empathy from the Indicator Applet
The casual observer would note that Pidgin was included in the software install above. Up to this point, I have preferred Pidgin, but this time I think I’m going to give Empathy another try. If you want to remove it, run the below command. I will leave them both there and choose my favorite one later.
sudo rm /usr/share/indicators/messages/applications/empathy
Install the Citrix XenApp for Linux
Citrix is a virtualization software package to run programs remotely. I use it for work.
- Download the package from the download page.
- Extract the package using the Nautilus right-click menu or this command: tarr -xzvf linuxx86-*.tar.gz
- Fire up a terminal and cd into the directory where the package was extracted to.
- Run “sudo ./setupwfc” and follow the installation instructions
The Citrix receiver will now allow you to run Citrix applications from your favorite web browser. If you want to configure desktop shortcuts or need to use the GUI manager, run these commands:
sudo apt-get install libmotif3
ln -s /usr/lib/libXm.so.3.0.2 /usr/lib/libXm.so.4
Install DVD Playback
sudo apt-get install libdvdread4
Install MythTV From Source
Set the Background to Something Useful
Configure Alternate Networks (If Laptop)
- Configure wireless networks
- Configure mobile broadband connection
Note: I will be modifying this article as time goes on and my installation technique gets tweaked. Don’t come to this article 3 months later and start blindly running the commands because you think you remember what they do.
This entry was posted on Saturday, May 8th, 2010 at 6:14 pm and is filed under Linux. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.